Depth-variant pore type modeling in a pre-salt carbonate field offshore Brazil

Brazilian pre-salt carbonates encompass more than 70% of the total oil and gas produced in the country nowadays and yet, present several challenges such as heterogeneous composition in mineralogy with the presence of Mg-clays, a complex pore network and diagenetic processes, e.g., dolomitization, silicification and cementation. Rock physics provides a powerful route to understand the elastic behavior of rocks by connecting geology and geophysics. It is known that pore type determination is crucial to understand this behavior.


Departamento de Geologia e Recursos Naturais - DGRN

O DGRN tem como objetos de estudo o aproveitamento de recursos naturais e suas condicionantes geológicas, sociais, políticas, legais, econômicas e ambientais. Trata da natureza e origem das províncias metalogenéticas, dos reservatórios de hidrocarbonetos, dos aquíferos e das condicionantes geológicas para a ocupação urbana e obras de engenharia, principalmente do Brasil, visando estabelecer teorias e parâmetros que contribuam à descoberta e ao aproveitamento sustentável desses recursos.

Electrofacies definition and zonation of the lower cretaceous Barra Velha formation carbonate reservoir in the pre-salt sequence of the Santos basin, se Brazil

Lower Cretaceous carbonates in the pre-salt succession in the Santos Basin, eastern Brazil, are highly heterogeneous in terms of their reservoir characteristics as a result of depositional and diagenetic factors. Electrofacies have widely been used for reservoir zonation and, when allied with computer-based methods such as neural networks, may help with the study of such complex reservoir rocks and with the identification of high-quality reservoir zones.

Evidence for metabolic diversity in Meso-Neoproterozoic stromatolites (Vazante Group, Brazil)

Deciphering the evolution of ecological interactions among the metabolic types during the early diversification of life on Earth is crucial for our understanding of the ancient biosphere. The stromatolites from the genus Conophyton cylindricus represent a datum for the Proterozoic (Meso to Neoproterozoic) on Earth. Their typical conical shape has been considered a result of a competition between microorganisms for space, light and nutrients.

Graduação em Geologia

Turno: Integral

O Profissional

Poderá realizar levantamentos topográficos, geodésicos, geológicos, geoquímicos e geofísicos, além de realizar estudos relativos às ciências da terra. Poderá ainda realizar trabalhos de prospecção e pesquisa de jazidas minerais, recursos energéticos e recursos hídricos, elaborar perícias e estudos legais relacionados às suas especialidades, estudar relatórios ambientais e dedicar-se ao ensino das ciências geológicas em níveis básico e superior.

Paleoproterozoic gold deposits at Alta Floresta Mineral Province, Brazil: Two overprinted mineralizing events?

Large gold provinces commonly show complicated mineralization histories, and the Paleoproterozoic Alta Floresta, one of Brazil's most exciting Au–Cu mineral provinces, is a good example. The current models define four deposit types, all connected to a single (1.88–1.75 Ga) magmatic–hydrothermal event. However, long Province history, diverse geodynamic environment and older ages of type-1 mineralization weaken the single metallogenic event and enable the hypothesis of overprinted mineral events.

Rhyacian-Orosirian Khondalite Belt in the Borborema Province (NE Brazil): An active margin setting based on U–Pb zircon and monazite constraints

Khondalite belts are of special importance is delimiting old suture zones and in palaeocontinental reconstruction of Precambrian terrains. In the South-American Platform, khondalitic rocks surround cratonic areas and Archean blocks reworked in the Neoproterozoic, an example of which being the Ceará Khondalite Belt (CKB). Located in the northern portion of the Borborema Province in NE Brazil, CKB is here described by means of its petrographic, structural, and LA-SF-ICP-MS zircon and monazite U–Pb geochronological characteristics.

Taubaracna maculosa: First fossil spider from paleogene in South America

Spiders (Order Araneae) can be found in all continents, except Antarctica. This order has a long evolutionary history that began during the Paleozoic Era. Despite this prolonged span and the diversity of extant species, the fossil record of spiders is relatively modest, with most specimens preserved in amber and found in the Northern Hemisphere. Taubaracna maculosa nov. gen.

The absence of an invasive air sac system in the earliest dinosaurs suggests multiple origins of vertebral pneumaticity

The origin of the air sac system present in birds has been an enigma for decades. Skeletal pneumaticity related to an air sac system is present in both derived non-avian dinosaurs and pterosaurs. But the question remained open whether this was a shared trait present in the common avemetatarsalian ancestor. We analyzed three taxa from the Late Triassic of South Brazil, which are some of the oldest representatives of this clade (233.23 ± 0.73 Ma), including two sauropodomorphs and one herrerasaurid.

Use of low-cost accelerometers for landslides monitoring: results from a flume experiment

Early Warning Systems (EWS) are non-structural measures for landslides disaster prevention. They are based on the detection of impending failure signals. The results of a landslide simulation experiment where accelerometers were used to identify pre-failure signals are presented in this paper. Landslide was simulated in a tilting flume filled with sandy soil. During the experiment, the flume was fixed at 30° inclination and water percolated through the soil until it slid.