Research in Education Applied to Geosciences Study Group

The repercussions in relation to the work conducted by the group are of a varied nature: - the creation of Master´s and PhD courses in the Teaching and History of Earth Sciences Programme  with over 40 dissertations and10 theses presented; - the implementation of 6 lato sensu post-graduate courses for professors teaching Geosciences at higher education level; - the consolidated organisation of over 10 years of extension and refresher courses for teachers of Geosciences at primary and secondary school level; - participation in international, national and  regional education congresses, the teaching of sciences and Geosciences; - publications in international and national magazines; - ongoing projects in relation to Geosciences and the continuous training of primary school teachers, with the support of FAPESP, CNPq, CAPES and the Petrobras Environmental Programme, whose line of research and goals focus on the teaching of Geosciences in primary and secondary education, geared mainly to the 5th to 8th grades.

Leader(s) of the group

Roberto Greco

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Interdisciplinarity and Science of the Earth System as Bases for Basic Education

The research group contributes to the development of methodologies for training teachers in the area of Geosciences. The group is backed by projects financed by a number of research development agencies. The research is based on the teaching and learning of systemic dynamics associated with geological time to study the planet in an integrated manner, consisting of the teaching of Geosciences, curriculum and teacher training.

Leader(s) of the group

Pedro Wagner Gonçalves, Natalina Aparecida Laguna Sicca

Department

DGRN

Formation Year

Underground Water Resources and Management of Hydrographic Basins

This research group strives to fully understand the hydrological cycle and the role of underground water in this greater context. As such, two main lines of research have been established: the study of the conditions of the occurrence of underground water and the interaction of the same within the hydrological cycle, and the interference of human activity in the quality and quantity of the resource. The other line of research, the management of water in hydrographic basins, aims at the knowledge of the dynamics of water, human interference in relation to these dynamics and the definition of criteria and models for the management of water resources in hydrographic basins. These lines are thought to be complementary, where study approach methodologies are adapted and developed mainly with a view to finding answers with regard to the rational management of surface water and specifically underground water, pursuant to a model of sustainable development.

Leader(s) of the group

Sueli Yoshinaga Pereira

Department

DGRN

Formation Year

Geotechnologies

The group´s research focuses on methods for the extraction of geological information based on satellite images, aerogeophysical and geochemical data, as well as methodologies for the integrated spatial analysis of this data using geographic information systems (GIS). Techniques for processing georeferenced information are developed and implemented, such as digital image processing, geostatistics and specialist systems. The benefits of this work are particularly evident in the mining and oil/gas industries, more specifically in the area of exploration (the search for new deposits of these mineral assets). The results obtained by the group´s researchers, together with post-graduate students (Master´s and PhD), have benefitted the mineral and oil industries, with which the members of the group interact on a regular basis.

Leader(s) of the group

Alvaro Penteado Crósta, Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho

Department

DGRN

Formation Year

Crustal and Metallogenetic Evolution

This group is dedicated to the recreation of the geological evolution of the Brazilian territory and adjacent areas, on a regional and local scale, with the aim of understanding the factors that control the formation of mineral deposits, thereby enabling them to define genetic models capable of subsidising mineral exploration. The group uses all the geological methods and tools (geochronology, petrology, geochemistry, isotopic geochemistry, fluid inclusions, structural geology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, geophysics, remote sensing) required for the understanding of geotectonic evolution, with a particular interest in geological controls that determine the situation, location and economic value of natural resources. The research work focuses on regions with acknowledged metallogentic potential in Brazilian territory, such as the Mineral Province of Carajas (Para), the Iron Quadrangle (Minas Gerais), the Auriferous Province of Alta Floresta (Mato Grosso) and the northeast region.

Leader(s) of the group

Elson Paiva de Oliveira, Roberto Perez Xavier

Department

DGRN

Formation Year

Environmental Analysis and Territorial Dynamics

Systemic approach applied to the analysis of natural landscape components and transformations arising from the use and occupation of the land. Geographic information systems.

Leader(s) of the group

Archimedes Perez Filho

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Analysis of Sedimentary Basins

The Group applies sedimentology, paleontology and paleopedology as means for characterising sedimentary rocks and their content. The main goals are:

  1. The definition of geometric models of sedimentary rocks.
  2. The evolution of depositional and paleopedogenetic processes and the definition of control factors.
  3. Taphonomic studies of plant remains.
  4. The evolution of phanerozoic vegetation in South America.

Due to the fact most of the Earth´s non-renewable resources lie in sedimentary rock, both primary and secondary, the spatial position of the sedimentary rock and the factors that control the formation itself are of prime importance. The part of the group dedicated to sedimentology is currently working on geometric models and sedimentary rock sequences originating in (1) clastic platform systems; and (2) old and recent desert systems; and (3) on the physical simulation of gravitational depositional flows in tanks. The part of the group dedicated to paleontology is working on (1) taphonomic studies of phyto-macro-remains in current continental depositional systems; and (2) the development of new methodologies for paleophytogeographic analyses. The aim is to obtain a better understanding of new forms of analyses of fossil records that might help us find out more about the evolution of life on planet Earth.

Leader(s) of the group

Giorgio Basilici, Fresia Soledad Ricardi Torres Branco

Department

DGRN

Formation Year

Geotechnologies Applied to Land Management

The work conducted by the group is geared to the development of research of a theoretical and practical nature with a view to the implementation of geotechnologies (Digital Cartography, Remote Sensing, Global Navigation Satellite Systems - GNSS, Geographic Information Systems - GIS) in the different activities comprising land management. Over the years the group has helped train undergraduate and post-graduate human resources, supplying subsidies for public policies, producing different results in the form of reports, undergraduate course conclusion work, master´s dissertations and PhD theses, producing new knowledge within the scope of geographic science.

Leader(s) of the group

Lindon Fonseca Matias

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Logistics, agriculture and the use of Brazilian land

The group´s activities focus on the following lines of research: Logistics of agricultural products in Brazil; the regulation of transport and electrical energy systems in Brazil and information technologies and Brazilian land.

Leader(s) of the group

Ricardo Abid Castillo, Ricardo Mendes Antas Junior

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Soil, Paleosols and Landscape Dynamics

This group works in 3 main areas, with a focus on pedogenesis and weathering processes: 1. Pedogenesis of current soil and the relationship of the same with forms of relief and archaeological sites; 2. Quaternary and pre-quaternary paleosols; 3. Paleosurfaces and the association of the same with soils and alteration profiles, striving to understand the evolution of the long-term geomorphological landscape. The group is currently involved in work in Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil (the states of Piaui, Bahia, Tocantins, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Parana).

Leader(s) of the group

Francisco Sérgio Bernardes Ladeira

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Geography of International Relations: State, Economy, Land and Regional Integration

The purpose of the group´s research is to address geoeconomic and geopolitical phenomena in Latin America using the nation-state scales and the supra-national scale (which includes the countries of the subcontinent) as a reference. Taking land formation as a analytical category, the group aims to contribute to the discussion on sovereignty and the regulatory capacity of the Latin-American countries. The main goals are: contributing to the discussion on the main changes in the role of the State and economic activities, the impact of the same on the land and the social consequences of the same; in addition to discussing the different integration processes underway on the subcontinent, observing the key players (governments, corporate companies, civil society, international organisations), with their alliances, games of interests and conflicts, as well as means of cooperation. The research also focuses on production infrastructure, security and defence, economic development and natural resources.

Leader(s) of the group

Claudete de Castro Silva Vitte, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Geography: Epistemology, History and the Environment

The research group entitled Geography: Epistemology, History and Environment is composed of geographers and other social scientists who are concerned about the issue of geographic space and its representations, in accordance with the assertion that geographic space can be problematized in a number of ways and manners and regardless of the line of formation or speculation. As such, this group hopes to problematize the issues in relation to the history and epistemology of geography and the issue of the environment, based on dialogue between geography and the human sciences and Earth Sciences. As a main line of discussion the group strives to address the issue of the formation of the geographic episteme based on the cut of nature and how it was incorporated and transformed in the geographic debate and in the context of the philosophical formation of geography and the human sciences. The immediate development of this debate is the issue of empiricization and the theoretical, methodological discussions and the models in physical geography. Within this context, we attempt to specify the debate using geomorphology as a reference. Hence, works, colloquiums and seminars are produced aimed at problematizing and including the issue of nature in geography and physical geography within the philosophical, epistemological, methodological and even literary debate, assessing the breakdown of the same in terms of creating a geographic structure and its developments in the environment and in the teaching of geography.

Leader(s) of the group

Antonio Carlos Vitte, Kalina Salaib Springer

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Geomorphology: Dynamic Etchplanation and Environmental Fragility

This research group focuses on issues in relation to geomorphological dynamics in hot and humid tropical regions, based on the concept of dynamic etchplanation. Based on a close interaction between morphotectonics and geochemistry we attempt to define the types and patterns of genesis, evolution and dynamics of the relief in accordance with the geochemical and pedogenetic evolution of pedological coverage and its impact on the definition of the types of relief. Another line of research conducted involves the issue of environmental fragility in Brazil, particularly the fragility associated with the process of urbanisation and metropolisation.

Leader(s) of the group

Antonio Carlos Vitte, Francisco Sergio Bernardes Ladeira

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

Production of space, planning and management on a metropolitan and urban scale

The purpose of this research group is to contribute to the discussion on the production of urban and metropolitan space in Brazil and Latin America, taking into account that in order to reproduce societies create forms arising from a given social-political order practised by social groups that respond to a current sociability and a given regulation and management of the use of the space and resources contained therein. In accordance with the historicity of the unique processes occurring in the places, the group strives to identify the agents of the processes and the subjects of the production of space resulting in different uses of the land, forms of occupation and management practices.

Leader(s) of the group

Claudete de Castro Silva Vitte, Julio Cesar Suzuki

Department

DGEO

Formation Year

The dynamics of landscapes in coastal environments

The aim of the work associated with this research group consists of the research and analysis of the morphogenetic process that govern the organisation of landscapes in coastal environments, in addition to the impacts in relation to the use and anthropic occupation of these environments.

Leader(s) of the group

Regina Célia de Oliveira, Cenira Maria Lupinacci

Department

DGEO

Formation Year